Supreme Court will hear direct challenge to Roe v. Wade

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POLITICO’s Alice Miranda Ollstein reports on how Republican lawmakers intentionally passed abortion laws for years that will spark lawsuits in an effort to get a case challenging Roe v. Wade before the high court.

Anti-abortion groups on Monday celebrated the Supreme Court’s decision to take the Mississippi case.

“States should be allowed to craft laws that are in line with both public opinion on this issue as well as basic human compassion, instead of the extreme policy that Roe imposed,” said Jeanne Mancini, the president of March for Life and a former George W. Bush administration health official.

Abortion rights advocates meanwhile renewed warnings that a decision gutting Roe could set off a chain reaction in conservative states. Nearly a dozen states, including several in recent years, have enacted so-called trigger bans outlawing all abortions if Roe is overturned.

“Alarm bells are ringing loudly about the threat to reproductive rights,” said Nancy Northup, the president of the Center for Reproductive Rights, which is representing the Mississippi abortion clinics challenging the state’s ban. “The consequences of a Roe reversal would be devastating.”

Before taking the Mississippi case, the Supreme Court in recent years has largely shied away from abortion-related lawsuits, to the frustration of some conservatives on the bench and anti-abortion advocates aligned with former President Donald Trump. While the court recently took another abortion-related case out of Kentucky, the justices during those arguments will focus only a procedural question rather than consider the constitutional right to terminate a pregnancy.

Accepting the Mississippi case indicates the justices could be receptive to other challenges that could result in new curbs on the procedure. More than a dozen abortion-related lawsuits are currently one step away from Supreme Court review, including state bans on surgical abortion methods and bans based on certain reasons for terminating a pregnancy, such as a fetal abnormality.

This year has seen a new wave of state legislation targeting abortion, with hundreds of bills introduced that could limit how, when and where people can terminate a pregnancy. Several of those bills have already been signed into law and are being challenged in lower federal courts.

The Supreme Court justices for months weighed whether to take the Mississippi case — an unusually long time. They discussed the case more than a dozen times in closed-door conferences before ultimately announcing Monday that they would hear the case.

The justices refused, however, to hear arguments on two other questions Mississippi asked them to consider: whether abortion providers have standing to challenge laws on behalf of their patients, and whether courts should scrutinize whether an abortion restriction has any health and safety benefits.

Justices Clarence Thomas and Samuel Alito in recent years have led their conservative colleagues in arguing for a rollback of abortion rights. Anti-abortion groups who backed Barrett’s nomination said they hope she will join them and support overturning Roe.

While Barrett sidestepped questions during her confirmation hearings about whether she would rule against Roe, she offered she does not consider the decision a “super-precedent” that the court could never overturn.



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